The great wall that Donald Trump has said he will build, will be a 30-foot high border wall that will look good from the Northside which is difficult to climb or cut through.

President Trump has promised to build a “big, beautiful wall” around the Mexican border.

Homeland Security will be taking over the project and will be the people who will patrol and maintain the standards of the wall.
The CBP has said that it would either want a solid concrete wall while others have requested a see-through structure.

The wall needs to sink at least 6 feet into the ground which will include a 25-50 foot automated gates for pedestrians and vehicles.

The wall will be built in a way that will make it very hard to break through.

It will be made in such a way that it would take at least an hour to cut through with a sledgehammer, pickaxe or any other tool.

The government has said that it will award a contract based on a 30-foot wide sample which will be manufactured in San Diego.

Some have suggested that pieces of the new wall will replace existing fences that stretch over a 2000 mile border.
Trump has promised that Mexico will pay for the wall which he says is important to prevent immigrants from crossing over illegally and to prevent drug smugglers.

According to estimates the budget proposal for the project has included a $2.6 billion down payment for the wall.

Congressional Republicans have estimated that Trump’s wall will cost between $12 and $15 billion.

The Trump administration has said that it will cost $12 billion to build.

 

The Western Wall

 

The Western Wall which is commonly known as the Wailing Wall.

It is known as the Place f Weeping.

The Wall is made of ancient limestone and is a part of the ancient city f Jerusalem.

The section of the wall is a relatively small segment f the much larger wall known as the Western Wall.

The great Western Wall was created by Herd the Great as part f the expansion f the Second Jewish Temple which encased the natural steep hill known to Jews as the Temple Mount.

 

Rome destroyed the Second Temple in 70 C.E, however, only one outer wall remained.

The Romans would have destroyed the wall but the wall must have seemed so insignificant t them as it was not part f the temple itself.

 

This was one f the last parts f the sacred building in the Jewish world which is why it quickly became the holiest spot in Jewish Life. It became the most sacred spot in Jewish religious and national consciousness and tradition by virtue of its proximity to the Western Wall of the Holy of Holies in the Temple, from which, according to numerous sources, the Divine Presence never departed.

 

Throughout the years Jews have made difficult pilgrimages to Palestine and immediately moved towards the Western Wall t thank God.

The prayers at the wall were felt so deeply that the site started to become known as the Wailing Wall.

There is a custom of inserting written prayers into the Hotels cracks.

The mystical qualities associated with the Kotel are phrased in a well-known song which goes as: “There are people with hearts of stone, and stones with the hearts of people.”

A rabbi in Jerusalem once told me that the Hebrew expression “The walls have ears” was originally said about the Western Wall.

Ultra-Orthodox Jews have long opposed organized women’s prayer services at the Wall.

On January 31, 2016, the Israeli government approved the creation of an “egalitarian” prayer space where non-Orthodox Jewish men and women can pray together at the Western Wall.

The advocacy group Women of the Wall called the decision a victory.

 

The Berlin Wall, Germany

 

During the earlier stages of the Cold War, Western Berlin was a point where thousands of Eastern Germans passed through from the East to the democratic West.

To keep their people from fleeing, the Communist East built a massive wall that encircled West Berlin.

It was built overnight on the 13th of August 1961.

The wall lasted until November 1989 where government officials opened it.

Its demolition took 2 years. The wall contained towers where guards used to look over.

The Eastern Block protested that the wall was built to protect the will of the people from going against the fascist movement.

The wall prevented many Germans from the East to travel to the West.

The Wall was known as the Anti-Fascist Protective Wall.

The wall was sometimes referred to as the wall of shame.

The wall too became known as the Iron Curtain.

Before the wall was built 3.5 million Eastern Germans crossed over the border into Western Berlin.

After the wall was built around 5000 people attempted to escape over the wall with a death toll of over 200 people.

An example of a famous escape was a story of a group of people building a hot air balloon and escaping over.

In 1989 there were a series of political events that saw the erosion of political power into the Soviet governments of Poland and Hungary.

After much political unrest, the Eastern Government announced that all citizens could visit Western Germany.

Crowds climbed over the wall and people started to break the wall apart.

The Eastern Germans were met on the other side with ecstatic Western Germans who met them with Champagne and large parties of celebration continued for days after the wall was broken down.

The site of Troy

 

The site of Troy has over 4000 years of history.

The remains are definite evidence of the contact between Anatolia and the growing Mediterranean territory.

Archaeologists have been digging up the remains of Troy for over a century which is important for an understanding f how this ancient civilization used to run.

The attack and overtake of Troy by the Mycenaean warriors of Greece in the 13th century which was depicted by Homer in the Iliad has attracted many great artists from all over the world.

Troy is situated on the mound of Hisarlik which oversees the Turkish Aegean coast.

The famous Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann proceeded with the first excavations in 1870, this was considered the beginning of a revolution in archaeology and many people consider it as the starting point of modern archaeology.

After research on the area archaeologists were able to infer that Troy was inhabited 8000 years ago.

Troy is thought of as a cultural bridge between the Troas and the Balkans, Anatolia, the Aegean and the Black Sea regions by using trade, transfer of knowledge, migration and residential living.

There have been 24 excavations campaigns which have taken place over 140 years which have uncovered many historical features in the citadel and the lower town.

This includes 23 sections of the defensive walls around the citadel, eleven gates and a paved stone ramp.

These remains remain the most dominant features left at the site of Troy.

A section of the earliest wall which is considered as Troy 1 has survived near the South Gate.

The remains of Troy have been a mystery to historians throughout the centuries but these walls that remain are the largest signpost to this ancient civilization.

Hadrian’s Wall

 

Hadrian’s Wall known historically as the Roman Wall was used as a defensive mechanism in the Roman province of Britannia.

The wall was built in 122 AD by the emperor Hadrian.

The wall ran from the River Tyne near the North Sea at the Solway Firth on the Irish Sea and was the northern limit of the Irish Sea.

Hadrian’s wall was the north-west frontier of the Roman empire for nearly 300 years.

The wall is 73 miles long.

Hadrian’s wall is a world heritage site.

Conquests of Britain began in AD 43. At AD 100 the northernmost army lay along the river Tyne.

Hadrian came to Britain in AD 122 and under his rule, he was considered to have put many things to right.

The wall took 6 years to complete.

The original plan was to make the wall of stone or turf with a guarded gate every mile and two towers in between and in the front of the wall there was to be a wide ditch.

The wall was built by a sophisticated system of strongholds and sentries which ensured the whole wall was defensively secure.

There were a number of large forts attached to the wall which were used as main supply points and crossover points.

There were mile castles built for every mile which were accompanied by 8 soldiers.

By around 400 AD the Roman Empire was collapsing. Resources stop entering.

The Roman army had to be taken out of Britain which left the wall un-attended to.

The local people started using it as a quarry and the stone was used to make houses.

 

Walls of Ston

The Walls of Ston are a series of walls that were used to defend their cities.

The walls are 7 kilometres long that keep the city of Ston safe.
The walls of Ston are known as the European wall of China.

The wall is historically very old being over a hundred years of age.

The walls of Ston are known as the largest fortress system in Europe.

Connecting Ston with its neighbouring city Mali Ston have a wall 5km long connecting them.

The walls were built in the 15th century and were heavily defended by soldiers.

There are thirty rectangular, towers and ten round ones.

Apart from being used as a mode of defence, they were also used to protect them from an important commodity namely salt.

It took them two centuries to build.

For hundreds of years, the Croats have had t deal with hordes invading their land.

During the 19th century, they had to defend themselves against the Ottoman empire.

Invaders could not destroy the walls however there have been massive earthquakes which have destroyed parts of the wall.

The walls have however been restored to their former glory.

 

Walls of Babylon

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The ancient walls of Babylon were recognized as one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World.

The great walls of Babylon surrounded the city and protected it from outside harm, circling the city from all sides and reaching all the way to the Euphrates River.

The outer walls were 10km in length and 8 meters thick and were believed to be 98 meters in height.

Smaller walls surrounded the main wall in which provided a strong line of defence.

According to history, the wall had 250 towers along the length of the wall providing excellent vantage points for the Archers.

The walls could not be overcome by technology in that era.

Large metal gates were installed at the river’s ends preventing underwater attacks and eight massive gates were installed to prevent foot soldiers from entering.

These walls protected the city for 100 years.

After 100 years of keeping the city safe, a plan was devised by Cyrus the Great.

The plan was to divert the Euphrates River further upstream which would lower the water level so that his army would be able to attack.

During the night, his army snuck under the gates and captured the city from within.

Much of the mighty walls still stand to be a testament to the sheer strength of the great walls.

 

Great Zimbabwe Walls

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The great ruins of Zimbabwe are made of complex scene walls which span over 1800 acres of land.

The building of the ruins started in the 11th century AD by the Bantu people who originated from the Shona heritage.

The Great Zimbabwean ruins are known for their flowing curves style of architecture and had taken them over 300 years to construct.

Great Zimbabwe is known to have over 300 sites and is documented for its great scale.

The architecture that is most notably known is the Great Enclosure which has walls which are 36 feet high and extending 820 feet making it the largest ancient structure south of the Sahara Desert.

European travellers were amazed at the structures and stated that it must have been attributed to foreign design however archaeologists found that the site had indeed been built with African Origins.

The most notable remains of Great Zimbabwe are the well-documented stone walls.

The stone walls were constructed from granite blocks that were gathered from the nearby hills.

The rocks were able to be split evenly and able to be broken down into moveable sizes offered the native people an opportunity to have easily accessible building materials.

Sacsayhuaman

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Sacsayhuaman is an ancient ruin that is truly beautiful to the eye which is located in the old city of Cusco Peru which was at one time the capital of the Inca Empire.

The ruins are built like a fortress which is now only about a quarter of the original size and was easily capable of housing over 10000 men.

The only part remaining of this great architecture is the outer walls which were constructed to represent jaguars teeth and are protecting the city in three levels.

The walls are made of massive, irregularly shaped boulders that fit together like a jigsaw puzzle which had to have been fitted into place by a mortar.

 

The stones are very tightly packed and there is no chance that anything could fit through them not even a piece of paper.

In-between the large walls are grass pathways which are interrupted by towering stone doorways.

Above the doors are circular foundations of the towers that used to look over and protect the walls.

The stones are massive and it leaves one feeling very small in comparison.

The largest stone stands 8.5 meters high.

 

The longest wall is 400 metres long and stands 6 metres high.

An individual boulder is believed to weigh between 120 to 200 tonnes.

The ruins of Sacsayhuaman were believed to have been built by the Killke culture between 900 and 1200 AD.

The slopes that surround the fortress create a fort like the base as the walls enclosed by the hills creates a safe place to seek refuge.

Many people are of the opinion that the fort was used to worship the sun.

The Spanish overtook the city and dismantled the site, the only remains are those that were too large to be carried away.

Vietnam Veterans Memorial

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The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is an 8000m2 national memorial in Washington, DC.

The wall is there to give thanks to the members of the US army who fought and lost their lives in the Vietnam War.

The wall was constructed in Constitution Gardens and receives nearly 3 million visitors each year.

It was ranked tenth on America’s favourite architecture.

The wall was designed by the architect Maya Lin. Memorial Wall

The memorial wall is 75 metres long and is made from Gabbro.

The names of the soldiers are etched into the walls.

The walls are 3.1 metres high.

The wall is referred to as a wound that is closed and healing.

When an individual looks at the wall he or she can see their own reflection which is meant to bring the past and the present together.

The walls are made of two parts that are joined together at a 125-degree angle.

Each wall has 72 panels, 72 listing names.

The wall contains 58,191 names and was completed in 1983.

 

 

 

 

 

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